求问,计算机408统考考研,因先复习什么再复习什么,求学习顺序…(计算机40h是什么意思)

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求问,计算机408统考考研,因先复习什么再复习什么,求学习顺序…(计算机40h是什么意思)插图
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no-repeat rgba(191,191,191,0.7);background-size:cover;cursor:pointer!important;}.css-jflero img.content_image[data-size=”normal”],.css-jflero img.origin_image[data-size=”normal”]{width:100%;max-width:100%;}.css-jflero img.content_image[data-size=”small”],.css-jflero img.origin_image[data-size=”small”]{width:320px;max-width:100%;}@-webkit-keyframes animation-1yvu044{from{opacity:0;}to{opacity:1;}}@keyframes animation-1yvu044{from{opacity:0;}to{opacity:1;}}408 知识点超级多,题目灵活,数据结构、计算机网络、操作系统、计算机组成系统这四门课随便拿出来一门都可以出一套独立的考研卷,答主本科室友就是电气跨考浙大的计算机,专业课 132 分,高分上岸,下面结合答主室友的复习规划来给大家做个高分指导:
1、试卷内容分析
408 全称计算机专业基础综合总,共包括四门专业课的考察,分别是数据结构、计算机组成原理、操作系统和计算机网络。这四门课的在试卷中的占比如下所示:
科目分数试卷占比数据结构 45 分 30% 计算机组成原理 45 分 30% 操作系统 35 分 23% 计算机网络 25 分 17%
从中我们可以看到数据结构和计算机原理这两门课占比最大,也是我们复习过程中要重点复习的。而计算机网络这门课占比较低,而且知识点特别多,付出和汇报的性价比不是很高,可以只复习重点知识。

动图封面
2、复习资料推荐
(1)各科参考书推荐
数据结构:参考书《数据结构(c 语言版)》严蔚敏,复习资料《数据结构考研复习指导》王道。啰嗦一句,数据结构答主感觉是四门中最难的一门的。完全零基础跨考的,数据结构看严蔚敏的书理解起来很困难的同学,可以看《大话数据结构》这本书。
计算机组成原理:参考书《计算机组成原理(第 2 版)》唐朔飞,复习资料《计算机组成原理考研复习指导》王道
操作系统:参考书《计算机操作系统(第四版)》汤小丹,复习资料《计算机操作系统考研复习指导》王道
计算机网络:参考书《计算机网络(第 7 版)》谢希仁,复习资料《计算机网络考研复习指导》王道
(2)习题推荐
首先推荐的就是各门参考书的课后习题,每个章节的习题一定要过两遍以上,真题中出过课后习题的原题,一定要重视。
其次就是高等教育出版社《考研计算机专业基础综合考试大纲解析配套 1000 题》,最少都刷一遍,第一遍刷完之后要重点纠错,把不会的再做一遍。
最后也是最重要的就是历年真题,这个网上都有很多,不管谁出的,只要是真题就行。
3、复习规划
准备阶段:4 月份之前,收集考研信息,确定要报考的院校。永远要记得「选择大于努力」,这几年很多学校都在改考 408,而且也在鼓励使用统考试卷,因为 408 比较难,一志愿报考的人数也会有所下降,所以选对一个合适的学校往往可以事半功倍。
对于择校择专业,知乎知学堂官方推出了一门免费的公开课,这门课给大家提供了择校专业指导,助教一对一服务,考研个性化学情档案。知乎为了激励大家早日上岸,学完三节课,还有海量资源免费赠送:考研热门门类及专业详解、10 节精品录播课程。赶紧点击下面的链接免费参与吧!
基础阶段:4 月-7 月,4 门课的第一轮复习,看教材、听网课,基本学完 408 的所有知识点,构建基础知识框架,教材课后习题完成。一定要把所有的参考书都过一遍。
提高阶段:7 月-8 月,开始第二轮复习,这两个月是大三暑假,建议留校复习,这个阶段主要以刷题和查缺补漏为主。
强化阶段:9 月-11 月上旬,专题重点难点突破,第一遍做真题,错题分类,以专题进行真题演练,可以着重考试难点(比如数据结构等)。同时关注招生简章,408 考研大纲的变化,还有千万不难忘了报名!!
冲刺阶段:11 月中旬-12 月中旬,开始第三轮复习,第二遍做真题卷,同时可以刷市面上的预测题和押题卷,学习做题技巧。
考试阶段:12 月最后一个周末,靠前复习一下之前的错题,少做一两题,保持手感,调整心态。
注意:这些阶段也不是要严格遵守,只是作为一个参考。假如你暑假才准备考研,可以把准备阶段、基础阶段和提高阶段放在一块,压缩时间,适当取舍,提高效率;假如你 9 月才准备考研,可以用两三天完成准备工作,两周左右完成基础阶段,直接进强化阶段;假如你保研失败才准备考研,建议完成基础复习就直接进行真题演练。
4、408 高分复习技巧
(1)学会纠错这里推荐一种答主当时考研用的方法—abc 法,这也是答主在知乎学到的:abc 法就是把错题分为 a、b、c 三类:a:完全不会的题、没有思路b:会一点,只能做出前几步、做到一半卡壳c:计算错、题目看错的低级错误比如在最优化问题中,就经常因为计算出错,就可以把错题归为 c 类
(2)真题做少要做 3 遍以上「好好吃透真题 胜于做十本习题册」,第一遍可以在基础复习阶段结束后,这一遍就是检查自己还有哪些知识点没有复习到位的,之后可以重点复习;第二遍可以在强化阶段结束后,这一遍就是熟悉解题思路,了解出卷人的出题点;第三遍可以在冲刺阶段,这个时候就要确保真题都能作对,一方面是给自己增强信心,另一方面是再熟悉熟悉做题手感。
(3)及时回顾知识点以王道系列辅导书为主,看不懂的知识点可以看视频或者看对应的教材上的知识点的讲解,觉得习题不够的可以做课后题作为补充。平均每天拿出至少 2~5 个小时的时间复习计算机专业课,具体的复习时间因人而异,不同的基础,不同的目标分数不一样。最好每周,或者每两周回顾和巩固一下之前复习过的知识点。这样会更容易掌握知识点。(4)先占坑,想到再更
5、408 备考中的哪些坑
(1)网课不是全部,更重要的是回归课本相信很多人一准备 408 复习,就开始在问师兄师姐看谁的网课比较好:是王道,是 ,还是 呢?其实都不是!最开始复习的时候,一定要先把教材全部看一遍,这里推荐那几本经典的教材。然后把课后习题稍微做一做,这一步很重要,因为之前考研真题就出过教材的课后习题。网课只是一个辅助工具, 你系统归纳整理知识;网课只是一本字典,当你遇到不懂得地方,再回去查找视频,看看这些老师都是怎么写的。所以,不要只看网课,一定要结合教材,最好在看网课之前把教材先自学一遍,这样才能事半功倍!
(2)不要沉迷题海战术,更重要的是学会纠错答主当时考研的时候,旁边有个哥们只要市面上能买的押题卷都拿来做了,那段时间看到他天天奋笔疾书的好不辛苦,但是呢这哥们做完后就改个对错,也不反思,结果就是做了那么多套冲刺卷子,每次都是八九十分,都快把他心态搞崩了。所以,一定不要迷信题量,不一定数学得做完 1800 题才能考高分,好好把 10 年的真题卷还有课本配套的习题册做完就行。做错的题目,拿纠错本记下来,按照知识点分类整理,看看自己是哪类题老是错,然后重点突击。
(3)知识复盘很重要这一点答主深有体会,在数据结构的排序那个章节,看完书就觉得自己会了,结果一看到习题就蒙了,不知道从何下手,然后又去看王道的视频(他的这个章节讲的真的好),看完豁然开朗,又觉得自己会了,结果一看到题还是无从下手。后面自个儿分析一下,原来是自己压根没理解这几个定理的联系还有用法,于是就找来考研室友让他做观众听一下这个知识点,然后他 忙查缺补漏。这么一套操作下来,答主和室友都对这个定理了然于心,再遇到这类题就没怕过了。所谓复盘就是把你认为已经掌握其实却不明白的知识点拿出来重点突破,复盘的方式有:一是将学到的知识用语言表达出来,这个时候可以找个观众听听;二是将知识点写在笔记本上,用流程图的形式,把公式之间的关联性列出来。
(4)408 复习最好安排在上午上午一般是一个人精神最好的时候,这个时候可以用来看网课看书做题,看课和做题的时间可以对半分,看完一个章节,然后做对应的习题,这个效率真的是大大的高!答主曾经尝试过在下午或者晚上复习,结果每次都把自己弄得很疲惫,有时候晚上睡觉还在思考题,严重影响睡眠,还有就是专业课本来就难,就一定要集中精力。
(5)报班可以,但是要学会甄别
现在市面上的辅导班很多都是名师的课程视频+线下公开课+线上答疑,这种大都没有针对性,而且你只要花点时间都可以在网上找到相应的课程视频。所以报班时候可以重点看看有没有线下的小班课,集中测验,单独答疑,最好还有安排线下模拟考的那种,这样学习的效率才高,也不花冤枉钱。
这里推荐一下知乎知学堂推出的考研系列课程,听完 3 次免费直播课+完成课后任务后,就可以获得知乎知学堂官方的考研专属个性化学情档案,还有海量的考研资料可以领取。最重要的现在还是【免费】的,比外面几千的咨询要强太多!
这是知乎知学堂官方推出的,师资力量强大,质量有保障。最重要的是这个课程不仅有 408 复习规划、考研报考院校的信息资料包,还有知乎教育提供的考研社群,聚集了考研各专业和高校的学生,可以 助大家找到学长学姐或同行者,更有负责答疑解惑的老师 助大家。趁现在免费,抓紧时间领取吧!你不领别人可就领了,这就是差距了!
原文作者:研究生欧阳同学

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